What is Alloy Steel

Steel, being one of the most prominent materials, is used in various industries. There are around 3,500 different steel grades, and every grade offers unique environmental, chemical, and physical properties. Steel has gone through significant evolution, and in the past 20 years, around 75% of all different types of steel have been developed.

For the past five decades, Dhand Steels is one of the superior alloy steel manufacturers in Ludhiana. We are committed to providing the best products and meet all demands of our customers.

There are four groups based on chemical composition: stainless, carbon, tool, and alloy. In this article, we will be discussing alloy steel.

Alloy steel is a category of steel which undergoes alloying using different elements in levels between 1% and 5% in weight. These alloying materials enhance the physical and chemical properties of the alloy steel. It can be further classified into two types: high-alloy and low-alloy steels.

Alloy steels possess properties such as increased durability and higher corrosion resistance.

What are the Alloying Elements?

The alloy steel contains mostly iron and carbon levels, depending on the desired quality or grade of steel. However, to achieve more desirable characteristics, one or more elements with carbon can be added. There are more than 20 alloying elements that can be added to produce different alloy steel grades. Some elements, their effects and properties include:

  • Aluminium: get rid of phosphorus, sulphur and oxygen.
  • Chromium: Increases toughness, improved tensile strength, wear-resistance and is easy to bend and cut.
  • Copper: Increased resistance to corrosion 
  • Manganese: wear resistance, increased surface hardness, ductility and high-temperature strength
  • Nickel: Corrosion and Oxidation resistance, increased toughness and strength
  • Silicon: Increases magnetism and tensile strength
  • Tungsten: Adds hardness and strength and provides heat resistance. Improved gain structure. 
  • Vanadium: Increases corrosion and shock resistance and adds strength and toughness. 
  • Cobalt: Used to make cutting tools, improved hot and red hardness
  • Molybdenum: Increases strength and enhances shock and heat resistance.

As a preferred alloy steel manufacturers in Mumbai, Maharashtra, Dhand Steels provides round and hexagonal alloy steels in the size range 10mm – 105mm.

What are the properties of Alloy Steel?

To meet the demands of different industries across the Globe, Dhand Steels, alloy steel manufacturers in India, provides allow steel of top-notch quality possessing the following properties:

Resistance to Corrosion

Alloy steel is an excellent corrosion-resistant material. The alloying materials such as  Copper, Nickle, Vanadium, etc., make it more resistant to corrosion and improve its machinability. Due to low corrosion resistance, the life span of the alloy steel increases.


Alloy steel with high carbon content provides increased hardenability at high temperatures.

Tensile Strength:

Alloy Steel comprising chromium, silicon, etc., has increased tensile strength. Because of this, it can resist tearing due to tension and provide better mechanical performance.


Different elements like nickel and vanadium in the alloy steel provide increased toughness. This results in improved resilience and enhanced performance.


Alloy steel possesses high weldability. It is due to the presence of carbon in the alloy steel. Due to this property, we can join dissimilar materials for higher efficiency.


Alloy steel can easily deform without fracture. However, it depends upon the alloying elements used to manufacture the steel. Elements like Manganese provides increased ductility of alloy steel.


Alloy steel is very cost-effective. However, it depends on the elements used to produce the alloy steel.

Grades Available: M.S, L.C, E.N 1A(NL), EN-8, EN-4, EN-8M, EN-9, EN-15, EN-15 AM, EN-16, EN-18, EN-19, EN-24i, EN-31, EN-32 B, EN-45, EN- 353, 31 CrV3, 42 CrMo 4, 16Mncr5, 20Mncr5, 20Mn2, 27Mn2, 31 Cr4, SAE – 1010, SAE – 1018, SAE – 4042, SAE – 4140, SAE – 8620, SAE – 52100 a, SAE – 1524, SCM – 435, 10B – 21, 15B – 25, C-20, C-50, 35C8

What are the applications of Alloy Steel?

Dhand Steels, alloy steel manufacturers in Punjab, provides the best alloy steel which can be further treated to produce a wide variety of products. For Alloy Steel of different compositions, the application area is broad. Alloy steel is used primarily in manufacturing pipes and tubes for energy-related applications. Due to their extreme strength, machinability and availability, they are used in military vehicles, machinery and equipment, ships, railways, roads and construction industries. They are also used to produce fasteners, rods, wires, plates, flanges and more. Alloy Steel is ideal for automotive applications, power generating equipment and structural components.

Using the excellent quality primary material and performing a range of tests, Dhand Steels, an alloy steel manufacturer, ensures that all products are of high precision and premium quality. We have maintained our prestige as one of the top alloy steel manufacturers in India by delivering products at cost-effective rates and customer support services.

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    Dhand Steels

    Setting up our base in the late 70’s, at Ludhiana (Punjab, India), we, “Dhand Steel Traders”, are successfully recognized as an eminent manufacturer, and supplier of a broad range of high precision premium quality straightened and aligned Bright Bars, Metal Bars, Alloy Steel Bright Bars and Special Shaped Bright Bars.

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